It is a fact that best skiing skills can only be developed if one wears the best ski boots. There are some brands, which are at the forefront of making the best ski boots. Even after many other platforms coming up in the same realm, some of the ‘oldies’ which specialized in making skiing boots are still leading. There is no new player which has been able to match up with the perfection these brands have provided and are still providing to their customers. After a thorough research, practical research and lot if brainstorming, we have made a list of some of the best skiing boots that are available in the market today. Each of these boots is reviewed with their specific qualities in this narrative ahead. After reading this narrative, it will be very easy for you to decide which one you should by according to your skiing needs. Keep on reading ahead.
Best Ski Boots
1) Scarpa Maestrale RS
This is the boot which you can rank among best for 2018. Scarpa Maestrale RS was first surfaced in the year 2010 and is one of the best ski boots of contemporary times. When this came into existence, there was a huge buzz about them as these boots were sturdy, power packed and with all this they were lightweight. From that day onwards, there was just no looking back and these shoe models went on to become the best selling alpine touring boots on the global level. From that time, there have been a lot of changes and improvements that have been made to these boots. These changes have managed to keep these boots still in the list of Best Ski Boots.
This year has seen the maximum changes that have been seen in these boots. One can now see that carbon fiber and Grilamid nylon hybrid cuff is now around the heels of the shoes and have been extended up to the underfoot. This has increased the strength of the shoe but still, the smoothness and flex are maintained.
Many carbon-reinforced boots have been developed this year but users have reported them to be little obstructing when it comes to smoothness. But as far as these new boots are concerned, the flex here are found to be more progressive and comfortable. It is not blocking any free movement of the foot. The other thing that is proved to be a ‘pleasant change’ is that the tongue, which appeared oversized has now been whisked away in this new model of shoe pair. It has improved the appearance of the shoes and also, now it is easier to get in out of these shoes. Now, near the cuff, the 60-degree movement is possible and this makes the movement more flexible. To add more to it, the overall weight of the shoes has been now reduced. They now weight 1275 grams which are lesser than the old design.
- Lightweight boots still are sturdy and have all the power-packed functions.
- One of the best selling ski boots of the present times.
- Newest model has the nylon hybrd cuff extended to the heels for more comfortable fit and movement support.
2) Full Tilt Descendant 6
This shoe belonging from the brand full tilt has 6 flex tongue. This is the popular one which is garnering attention and also sales day by day. There is a huge demand for these pair of shoe recently. The exceptional thing about this shoe is that it does not have any flex. The stiffness that this shoe carries is not fixed. It can be customized as per the comfort of the user. You can adjust it and make it comfortable to the extent that suits you best in the realms of the stiffness of this shoe. From intermediate to advanced levels, the stiffness can be altered. This makes this shoes special for both beginners of skiing and the one who are the old players in this field.
The standout thing about this one of the best ski boots is that it is for people who are looking to enhance their skiing skills. This clearly means that one does not have to buy a new pair of skiing shoes as they develop their skills in the field. These shoes will still suit the purpose. Because of its customizable adjustments, this shoes is also tailor-made for the one who is looking for advanced shoes for their use. The specifications include the 103mm last which is good for anyone. The buckle system is included in the shoes that make the grip strong and locks the feet firmly in the shoes. This also makes the stepping out of the shoes easy. To make it more suited, the shoes now have the feature that absorbs shock. This makes sure that even if you come across some ups and downs and rough rates, your landings will not hurt your feet and you will be protected from wounds. The adjustable feature also gives the best fit for calves and foot without compromising the comfort factor.
- This pair of ski boots has full tilt has 6 flex tongue.
- Exceptionally good fitness.
- Fit for both old and new skiers.
- Shock absorbing feature of the shoe guarantees the smooth landing no matter how rough and hard the skiing goes.
3) Nordica Cruise 110
All Nordica Cruise ski shoes are popular and this brand is quite renowned when it comes to the realm of best ski boots. They are known for their best designs and the appearance that they have. They are mostly bi-colored and the kind of men they look is very attractive. Mostly, there are variations of black and red and these shoes are for those who focus on the look that the shoes give with style.
People who have wide feet find these shoes best for themselves and prefer this one only one of the best ski boots. This is due to the heat moldable feature that makes more space for forefoot. In total, this shoe model provides four sizes that one can go for. The most popular one in this stream is the soft flex. The reason behind this is because this is rigid when the skiing sessions become tough and do not at all sacrifices in fit. On can get a normal shoe style or a more aggressive one. This is due to the popular facility that is provided in these shoes in the form of adjustment.
- Great design and therefore great looks make this boots visually very appeling.
- The black and red variations that these boots have in their appearance is not present in any other shoe model.
- Soft flex of the shoes makes it a preferred choice for skiers when it comes to the comfort factor.
4) Solomon X Pro 120
For those who are very particular when it comes to the fit should go for this pair of shoes for their skiing requirements. Also on the look, this boot is just a full scorer. It is for the people who do hard skiing and it is very stiff. Therefore, for the advanced skiers, these pair of shoes can be the ultimate choice. The rating is 120 flex. The heat moldable shell is present in these shoes which are best for adjustment. Also, this one is popular for comfortable heels and ankle. Mostly, this is the shoe which is popular for fit and comfort both. The soft and cushioned souls are just praiseworthy because, with the desired fit, they do not compromise with the comfort in any manner. Amazingly, the shell is capable of widening up to 100mm to 106 mm which is really massive and this makes this one of the best ski boots of current times. Any users have complained about the shin pain that skiers feel while they ski. These shoes have kept that in mind and so they are designed in a manner that this problem is not at all occur with this shoe due to the soft tongue in the footwear. A wide power strap is also the reason for shooing away the shin problem as it keeps the shin secure but does not provide any strain.
Talking about the downhill performance of this footwear, the balance maintained is beyond amazing. No matter how aggressive the skiing gets, the shoes provide the desired balance and sturdiness. Going further, the boot and line can be heated separately and this helps in getting the best fit to the wearer. There are two types of settings that a wearer can get. There is a metal block on the spine of the boot using which the wearer can alter between Sport and Performance setting. Such a feature is rarely present in any other boot. The soles of this shoes are replaceable. The durability of these shoes is on top. Moreover, the trend of the soles on this shoes offers impressive grips. People who are seeking for fitter shoes can have this one for their use. The fit characteristics are perfect and for advanced skiers, this is one of the best choices.
- Best suited for advanced skiers.
- The stiffness is very good.
- One of the most durable ski boots at contemporary times.
- The fit of the boots are comfortable and rigid at the same time.
- Helps in balancing even the toughest moves.
- Cushioned souls supports the comfort factor associated with the boots thoroughly.
- The souls are replaceable as well.
5) Dalbello Aerro 60
This is the alpine skier’s shoe that is actually for beginners and intermediate level. The versatility of these shoes makes them suitable for all types of skiing. The other reason that it can be used for all types of mountains is the four buckle construction of these shoes. It is equipped with the modern features that all skiers need today and this makes it one of the best ski boots of contemporary times. The flex associated with them is 60. You can avail them easily at half price during the times of sales. Beginners and intermediate level skiers do not want to have shoes that are too rigid. There are two reasons for that. First, because they do not need that and secondly the sking shoes for high-level skiers is very rigid. This can cause discomfort to the wearer who has just started with the skiing. It is lightweight and the price range for these shoes are also affordable. This model of skinning footwear has 105mm wide rubber soles which provide ample comfort to people with broad feet. The other very attractive feature which is barely present in another skiing thesis the presence of rockered boot toe box. The rolling motion that is associated with the presence of rockered boot shoe box makes walking very easy at all kinds of mountains. It is a long lasting product and so the durability of the shoes is thumbs up.
- Ranks top among people who are either beginning with the skiing skills or are at the intermediate level.
- It has the rigidity that is suited for beginners and does not ake the comfort factor sacrificing.
- Rolling motion I best catered too with these boots as the shoe comes with rockered box.
6) Lange RX 130
If you re an advanced skier and is looking for something that best suits all the needs of hard and difficult skiing, then Lange RX 130 is going to suit all your needs. The automatic dual 3D liner has given these pair of boots the amazing fit that they provide to the wearer. There is not any room for complaining when it comes to the fit near ankle on the heel. Moreover, in comparison to other boots in the realm, it is rated as one of the best ski boots as far as the ankle and heel comfort is concerned. The only drawback that is linked with this boots are the flexibility is not as great as the other boots in the realm. Having said that, it is actually not a bad quality of the boots because it suits best for the skiers who are involved in aggressive skiing. This means that it is one of the best-suited boots for professional skiers.
Moving further, the pair of ski boots are constructed using the latest technology and so they provide flex control and energy rebound factor. Both of these aforementioned factors are pre-requisite when it comes to professional skating. The durometers are also rigid which again elevates the quality of these boots. Normal boots fail when the skiing is dome on the harder snow and the skier also ex[erience shock and discomfort. A big thanks to these pair of shoes as they have a stiff flex. The price of these boots are high but the kind of facilities they provide is also of the optimum standards. Most of the advanced level skiers prefer these boots for their skiing purpose and they have labeled these boots as one of the best ski boots for expert level of skiing.
- Best suited for expert and advanced level of skiers.
- One of the most rigid ski boots present in the market.
- Made using the latest technology and has a very high level of stiffness factor associated with it.
7) Technica Mach1 120 MV
The fit that this ski boot offers is rarely found. This is one of the reasons that these pair of boots are labeled as one of the best ski boots for the skiers. This is the boot that is made for the normal sized feet but the customizing factor of these boots is so fine that it fits any kind of feet. You do not have to wear these pair of boots for on the daily basis and make yourself comfortable to get the best fit. The first-day wear is enough to give the skiers the kind of fit and hug they expect from an awesome pair of ski boots. The boots are versatile as it leaves no stone unturned to cater to needs of the advanced skiers, learners, and beginners. There are no other boots which are constructed in a way that it suits all levels of skiers without sacrificing any quality that is needed by any level of skiers. This is the standout factor of these boots. It comes with two years of warranty as well. Skiers do not experience any kind of glitch while putting these shoes on and off. There is no denying in the fact that these pairs of boots are expensive, but they facilitate in the best manner as well. After all, you get what you are paying for so the cost of the boots is legitimate.
- Best fit
- Suits the skiers of all level.
- Customizable and easy to take on and off.
- Extremely versatile
- The fit of the boots is thumbs up.
8) Salamon X Pro 100 Ski Boots
This is the newest version of the last addition and there are huge things that are actually going to make a huge difference in the comfort factor and hence the fit that a good skier needs. This is the elevated version of the skiing boots which will definitely make you feel compelled to own it asap. There is not at all even a little doubt when the question arises of fit. This pair of boots is at contemporary times known as one of the best ski boots because it fits any damn size of feet. No matter whether your feet are small, normal or extra large, this shoes is so customizable that it fits every foot. It is good for intermediate and advanced level skiers. It is not the one which is suitable for the beginners. Delving deeper into the fit, the last of the fit is 100mm. The heat molding capacity stretches up to 6mm. The flex is hundred which is fair for medium to the advanced level skier. The new anti-packing is another feature that jas made this boot so popular. This thumbs up feature has actually made the boots one of the best ski boots that are demanded today. The heel hold of the shoe is also exceptionally good.
- Bets fit
- Amazing molding capacity.
9) Rossignol Alltrack 90
This boot Is good for hiking and skiing both. These model of boots comes under the category that fits well for doing all kinds of spontaneous activities. Skiers who set their boundaries when they do their skiing but sometimes wants to go little more rigid and rough can buy these pair of boots to suit their mood and mode of skiing. The performance of this shoes is best when it comes to the downhill skiing but it does not do any wonders when it comes to the uphill skiing. If you do not want to spend a great amount of money but still want a standard pair of boots to suit your needs, then this skiing boots is going to be an ultimate choice for you. These pair of shoes comes in two models which actually differs slightly from each other.
- Multipurpose boots as it serves for both hikinh and skiing.
- Can support rough skiing.
10) Solomon MTN Lab Boots
These boots are very popular because they are equally good for uphill and downhill skiing. What generally happens is that when you wear a boot which is good fir uphill siing, it is definitely going to be the case that its downhill performance would be really low. But these are the pair of boots that have managed to pull off both the performance with great fitness and this derives lots of praise. With 120 Flex, there was not at all any company when downhill skiing was tested by us. No matter how hard the turns and how difficy=ult the paths were, the performance of these pair of boots not at all faltered. The stiffness of the shoes is awesome. It can perform well at the hardest snow. Equipped with the pin binding compatibility, there is much comfort and walking is also very easy with these shoes. It is little bit voluminous on its vertical side. It is not a luxurious boot but is definitely the one which will use regular needs of skier with aplomb.
- Giid for both uphill and downhill skiing.
- Impressive flex
- Provides comfortable walking as well
11) Atomic Hawx Magna 80
The reason we are putting this boots (which is for women) is that its quality of being lightweight and still there is no problem that has touched these pair of boots because of it being lighter in weight than usual boots. It is of an extremely important to get the most suitable boots for ones skiing needs. No matter if one is going for its maiden skiing. These boots are made under one of the reputed manufacturers of Australia Atomic. It is specially designed for women who have wider feet and are finding it hard to get the best boots for themselves. Suitable for women who are either at a beginning stage or are taking it further with an intermediate level. It has a memory fit. Memory fit is nothing but the fact that the boots take the size of the wearer and this becomes very comfortable within a very short span of time. It is constructed using Thinsulate liner. So, no matter how cold the conditions become during the skiing, this keeps the feet warm and on a comfortable position. The customizable features of these boots make the boots a demanded one because it then gets fit for every size.
- Best suited for women
- Very comfortable and provides warmth in the coldest conditions.
- Best light-weight boots and also best ski boots present in the market today for women.
12) Scarpa Freedom SL
These green-hued shoes combined with white are something that is love. Good in looks, affordable in price and great for everyday needs are the three words that best describe these ski boots. This is good for female skiers and is for those skiers who are at the advanced level at skiing. There are very few boots that are available in the market for female skiers. On top of that, finding ones which suit the advanced level needs of female skiers is very difficult. Going further, the grip of the shoes are actually a little hard. That means it is not made for beginners. It can cause them little discomfort. Even after that once the beginners will get used to these boots, then she would not get any better shoe than that. Adjusting at the initial stage with these shoes is difficult for the skiers who are at the beginner level. The customizable qualities of the shoes make it pretty easy for skiers. Sharp blows, hard turns or whatever condition comes, these boots are rigid and provide the comfort and warmth that is needed for the cold conditions.
- Awesome appearance
- Affordable and best for daily need of skiers
- Ideal for advanced level skiers
- Stiffness is awesome
13) Head Adapt Edge 105
This ranks among the bestselling skiing boots. The current or the latest one in the Edge series, now it comes with the advanced features and is tailor-made for the advanced level skiers. The flex of this boot is 105 which is pretty good. The edge of this awesome model of boots is adoptive and it has a screw that makes it customizable for the fit. The Fit Hp liner is also there and so people can get it molded to get the ideal fit that they are desiring for. Other features that make this boot an awesome one are triple injection energy frame, all ride balance, adjustable rear, and some others. It is for male skiers who are increasing their skiing skills and are planning to take rougher routes.
- Bestselling Skiing boots
- Suitable for male advanced level skiers
- Can be molded and provides exceptional customizable comfort
How Are Ski Boots Sized?
There is no question in the fact are if ski boots are not good, then skiing can not at all be practiced and done in a proper manner. It does not matter what is the level of the skier, be it starting, intermediate or advanced boots should be of best fit and comfort. Skiing means all the responsibility will be on your feet. This simply means that feet should be cover with the best ski boot and the best ski boot is the one which provides the comfort factor, coziness, the warmth and the stiffness that skier needs. There are many brands today that provide the impressive pair of boots for skiing. The problem with different brands is that they are sized differently as well. The size of boots which fits you best is not necessarily the same size in another brand. This means one has to actually wear the boots and feel the comfort. When it comes to ski boots, they are far different from normal boots. What happens with normal footwear is that one can wear it and can immediately tell whether the shoes are comfortable for them or not. Sking shoes all feel same. We will advise you in this realm so that you can choose the skiing boots that best suits you and covers all the skiing needs without compromising over anything.
First and foremost, we will say that instead of buying online, buy offline. The sole reason for this is that if you buy online and the shoes do not fit you, then you have to exchange, try new ones and all this is going to be time-consuming. Try out a few pairs of shoes from the nearby shop and then you can go for online shopping for variety and everything else. While trying out your shoes in the offline store, you will understand the different sizes that different brand offers and what size is giving you the best fit. After knowing the size, you can go and order the model you want from your favorite online store. If you have wider feet, then talk to the staff which is present at the store. The deal with these boots on a daily basis and they have considerable experience in this field. Their advice is just perfect and they can help you a lot in choosing the right pair of boots.
Going ahead, there is one more pro tip which is important when it comes to select the ski boots. To check the toe box area, turn over the shoes and match your heel with the boot’s heel. By this, you will get the exact idea about the sizing of the foot which is likely to match the boots. In actual terms, these boots are measured by a Mando point which is nothing but a match of your foot in cm to the boot length in the same unit.
Also, when you use the skiing shoes, it is very important to wear as thin socks if you are looking for the fit. But in case your comfort factor lies in insulation, then there is no harm in wearing slightly thick socks as well.
All You Need to know Ti Buckle Your Ski Boots In The Correct Manner
Actually, buckling the ski boots properly is something that distinguishes the pro skiers from the ordinary ones. In fact, even the skiers who are doing this from a long time still struggle with this process to get it done in the best manner. No matter how long you have been doing this thing, one day comes that your ski boots just would not buckle up properly. Sometimes, the buckling and unbuckling become just a process that is not meant to be happening. Ski boots just jams and not gets out of the foot. To avoid all these situations, here are some tips that one can use to put the buckle on the ski boots without any hustle.
1) Begin With The Boots That Fits You Best
It is almost cliché that any advice or topic about the skiing begins with the ‘best fit’. However, it is of an extreme importance to wear the best-fitted boots. Wear long ski socks to first begin the process of getting on with your sj=kiing.
2) Just Before Buckling
Make sure that the trap is fastened just before you buckle the shoes. Moreover, before you fasten the trap make sure that the boot of your ‘best ski boo’ is in the position that is not going to trouble you in any manner. This will make sure that your feet are in the most comfortable position. But dot fastens the strap making your feet very tightly fixed between shoes and its tongue. This is because in extremely tight shoes, the blood circulation of the feet ceases and it results in the cold feet.
3) While Buckling, Buckle The Lowest Buckle First
If you have the boot consisting of two vertical buckles n the sides, then first secure the lowest buckle. If you are having the ski boot in which there are three buckles on the vertical side, then first buckle the third one starting from the top. Best Ski boots are normally equipped with three buckles. And the third one is of most importance. It is because it decides 70% of the grip of the whole feet depends upon that buckle.
4) After That, Fasten The Top Buckles
The top buckles of your ski boots obviously have to be tight at a considerable level. However, having said that, these buckles necessarily do not have to be as tight as your vertical buckles. This is because the top buckles help a skier in the movement of the foot. If these buckles would be equally tight as the vertical buckle the flex would reduce and you would not be able to move the foot forward easily. Even the best ski boot should be buckled very properly to make sure that you are getting the best use of it. The calf and foot this way can easily do the forward movement and this is something very important in skiing.
5) Then, Toe Buckles
Toe buckles are small and people tend to ignore the attention that these buckles deserve. Toe buckles are also very important to be buckled properly because these are responsible to keep the top part of your toe in place. This is why they should be tigh and should be snug accurately.
6) Use Boot Bucklers
If you need extra help or want to make the buckling process easier, then there is a multipurpose boot buckler that is available to help you in this realm. Even the best ski boots can become more comfortable if you use these bucklers. They are used to clamp down the buckles of the boots. Some buckles are really hard to toe and for such buckles, bucklers are used. It is very helpful for children because the boots made for children for skiing are most of the times very complicated. These bucklers help to make the buckling process easy. But remember, do not use these buckles to make your ski boots extra tight!
Some Important Tips Before You Go Sking
1) Fir Beginners
bEginners should always make use of wider skis. If you want to first see what ski boots suit you the best, then hire ski boots the first time you go for skiing. This helps you to understand the comfort and fit of the ski boots in a more profound manner. Also, do not start your sking with the brand new boots if you want to be comfortable in the beginning. For the rookies in the field, it is always advised to begin the ski using the old ski boots. This will always make your ski better and you will be able to learn the basic trchniques easily.
2) Pay Much Attention When Learning Turn And Stop
It is of utmost importance to learn how to stop. If you are a beginner, learning how to stop should be the skill you should learn by putting all your concentration. This u=is because there are major accidents that can happen if the skier loses control and does not know how to stop. For beginners, it is actually a life-saving tip. Also, do not exhaust yourself while you learn skiing.
3) For Your Feet
There are some gels and special creams available for skiers. This is for feet. Even the with the best ski boots on, there is no guarantee that you will not twist and turn your feet especially if you are new in this field. You can use these gels to lessen the strain that mostly happens to skiers who go o learn for the first time. These help to keep your boots and feet in sync and also prevents your movements to be twitched.
4) Reasons Why You Need To Best Ski Boots
The right performance will only be achieved if your ski boots would be right. It is essential to wear the best ski boots or professional ski boots because skiing is a sport which is rough and you have to go through the rough and harsh snow. In such a case, there is no scope of wearing an ill-fitted or ski boots of mediocre standard and put your life in risk. The right flex, rigidity, stiffness etc matters most while you perform skiing and this can only be achieved with high-quality professional ski boots.
This is very confusing for the beginners.hey are always confused about whether they should get the liners to heat mold or not. Generally, there is a benefit with the liners as one can get them molded and get the feet in the best shape. However, if you have the best ski boots which give you the fit without molding of the heat liners then do not go for molding unnecessarily. If u=you are on an advanced level of skiing, then molding can elevate your skiing performance as it helps in speeding up the skiing.
There are some ski boots that have the extra insoles as an option. But remember, they are not available free of cost and having extra insoles can add up to your cost. Even after there is always an extra cost associated with these insoles, they can provide huge benefits. Mostly, the beginners and intermediate level skiers complain about having fatigue after long skiing. Their feet get stressed. Using these soles these problems can get eliminated. Keep in mind that even if you have the best ski boots, these soles will always add up to your advantage as they give more comfort, helps to improve posture, make the turning points in the skiing easy and lot more.
Different Types Of Liner
The thin and firm liners are for the skiers who have reached the advanced level in their skiing. For the skiers who are at intermediate level, the liners are little thick. Thin liners mean a little comfort is sacrificed but the experts of skiing can manage it easier. This is because advanced level skiers need to be more agile and flexible. These days, all liners can be heated and they can be easilu=y molded in the shape of your feet. This feature is available in nearly all of the latest ski boots.
Do Not Get Confused Between Hike And Ride Boots
Ski boots always come with fixed boots and this s the major factor that differentiates it with the hiking boots. Sometimes, people get confused between the two as both of them appear nearly similar. Moreover, the motion is also limited when it comes to the ski boots. On the other hand, when it comes to riding boots, ankle movement is more and even overall motion has more freedom for the feet. While if we talk about only downhill performance, then riding boots can also provide all the necessities which the best ski boots can provide. But remember, you can use riding boots only for downhill skiing!
Different Types Of Bindings Available
ISO 5355 bindings are n of the most popular bindings that most of the skiers prefer. Sprung-fittings and brakes are there to ensure the grips if your boots do any kind of mischief. Even the best ski boots can be enhanced in fitting and performance with the use of bindings. They can also be fitted in alpine boots along with the ski boots.
There are touring bindings which can be used in your ski boots. They are f two categories, AT frame bindings and Fritsche bindings. They both have a striking resemblance to alpine bindings but their functions are not at all. There are bindings know as Multi-Norm Compatible which can adjust both the uphill and downhill skiing as both of them are height adjustable.
Talking specifically about tech bindings, they are lightweight and they support skiing very properly. They hold the boots in place and also help a skier to ski on difficult paths easily. There is also one type of bindings known as Grip Walk bindings which are new in the binding realm. They are used for easy walking when your ski boots are off. It is not any surprise that even the best ski boots can et uncomfortable if you are wearing it for a very long time. Grip Walk Bindings can be then used for the purpose.
Some Buying Tips
1) Know Your Level
Do not show that you are a learned man when you are at an intermediate level in skiing. This is because skiing shoes are designed according to the level of skiing sport. If you will buy a skiing boot which is for advanced level and you are a beginner, you will end up buying uncomfortable boots.
2) When You Buy Offline
If you are buying skiing boots offline, then take help of the staff. It may happen that what you are buying may feel very tight. Do not think much about it because the lining becomes comfortable with time and the tightness goes down. Moreover, try as many pairs as you can till you get the best fit for yourself. Do not just buy the boots which look good on appearance. Even the slightly loose boots can impact your skiing performance and they can also be responsible for all kinds of accidents that happen while skiing. Buy best ski boots by following all the knowledge provided in this narrative.